What should you be looking for in an ideal paint?
There are different types of paints in the market. These include Emulsion Paints, Oil Paints, Enamel Paint, Latex Paints, water-based paints, alkyds paint, acrylic epoxy paint, aluminum paint and many others. These paints are used on different surfaces, and there are steps to follow before applying the paint, depending on whether you are painting the exterior or interior of your home.
Below are 5 of the most popular oil types you can choose from:
You can use oil paints to paint houses for a long time. They are made of pigments suspended in linseed oil, a drier and mineral spirits or other types of thinner such as turpentine or white spirit. The linseed oil serves as the binder for the pigments while the drier controls drying time, the thinner controls the flowing qualities of the paint. As the thinner evaporates, the mixture of pigments and oil gradually dries up to an elastic skin, which is fluid, transparent, plastic-like and glossy, as the oil absorbs oxygen from the air (a process known as curing). This curing bonds the paint on the targeted surface.
Alkyd paints are made of alkyd resins, a group of sticky flammable organic substances that are synthetic in nature and are derived from various alcohols and acids. These alkyd resins are insoluble in water and are used in varnishes, paints, and adhesives. They come in four sheens: flat, semi‐gloss, low‐lustre and high‐gloss. Flat finishes are velvety with a softly reflective rich surface. You can apply alkyd flats without a primer on walls and ceilings, fully cured plaster, metal, woodwork and wallboard. Semi‐gloss or low‐lustre types add just enough sheen to woodwork and trim for contrast with flat‐finished wall surfaces. Each offers great resistance to wear and washing. Low‐lustre enamels are preferred in such areas as kitchens, bathrooms, nurseries and schoolrooms. Alkyd high‐gloss enamels have greater serviceability and washability.
Latex paints consists of a dispersion of fine particles of synthetic resin and pigment. They are quick‐drying, low in odour, and are thinned with water. Latex paints are easy to apply. You can repaint or decorate a room in a day. Besides being quick to set up, both the paint tools and paint-spattered areas are easy to clean with warm, soapy water. You don’t need a special primer to paint interiors except on bare wood or metal, or on extremely alkaline surfaces. You can apply latex paint on the exteriors of your house, especially on old painted surfaces. If applying it on new wood, use a primer before applying it.
Emulsion paint is a water-based paint used for painting interior or exterior surfaces. It is a plastic paint with a rich matt finish to interior walls. The differentiating factor of emulsion paints is its acrylic quality. It’s highly durable and stays fresh for a long time, giving the painted area a just-painted appearance. It’s washable; most stains can be removed easily by wiping with a cloth dipped in a mild soap solution. Emulsion paint is also mildew and fungus resistant.
This a varnish with pigments added. Enamel has the same basic durability and toughness of good varnish. It produces an easy-to-clean surface, and when properly formulated, is ideal for interior and exterior applications. It works very well on wooden surfaces.
Before you begin painting, you have to prepare the room by removing all the furniture and covering the ones you are unable to remove. For a perfect paint job, clean the room thoroughly with soap and water. Then fill in all the nail holes and cracks in the wall. After this, sand them down for an even surface. Tape the light switches, wood works and sockets in the room to prevent the paint from spreading. Put a covering on all the wall edges to prevent paint from falling to the floor. Apply a primer, which is the first coat of paint applied to a surface. Since it is formulated to make the wall ready for painting, it can also be used to block and seal stains, or to hide a previously painted colour. After applying the primer, apply the paint.